Rising and Advancing is perhaps the most dramatic form of the Taoist/ Ch’an spiritual practice of merging one’s consciousness with the Cosmos. The artist dreams of the universe and has built his artistic life around it. The human element in these paintings is almost always small and well-integrated into the Cosmos, or there is no trace of the human at all. The white circle represents Buddha. The lack of perspective makes the viewer feel somehow inside the work’s cosmology and able to wander there rather than looking at the painting from a single viewpoint outside the painting.